Stuttgart, in South-Western Germany, has its first UNESCO World Heritage Site, proclaimed in 2016. Not a castle. Or a monument. Or ancient. The site is comprised of two houses, extraordinary examples of modernist architecture by the renowned Le Corbusier.
Two Le Corbusier houses at the Weissenhof Estate in Stuttgart have earned the title "UNESCO World Heritage Site." Stuttgart won this prestigious honor along with 17 other Le Corbusier houses from all over the world in France, Argentina, Japan, Belgium, Switzerland and India.
Outstanding Contribution to Modernism
The recognition pays tribute to Le Corbusier's architectural work as an outstanding contribution to Modernism. Modernism is an architectural movement that expressed the aesthetic, social and technical upheavals of the 20th century. Above all, the Stuttgart houses, which are already a sophisticated museum, are a fantastic destination for travelers with a passion for art and architecture, history and design.
The New Modern City Dweller
The Weissenhof Estate (Weissenhofsiedlung) is considered one of the most important monuments of the "Neues Bauen" (new building) movement. It was created in 1927 as a building exhibition and was funded by the City of Stuttgart to create a space for the new modern city dweller. The theme, "Form without Ornament," was tremendously avant-garde and a great contrast to the then popular and elaborately decorative Art Nouveau style.
Stuttgart's Architectural Importance
The Weissenhof Estate has a total of 33 houses with 63 apartments, and all of the 17 architects were under the age of 45. Le Corbusier was one of the most influential of these architects and his two houses comprise the duplex structure containing the Weissenhof Museum and the detached house behind it. In fact, they are the only Le Corbusier buildings in Germany.
The UNESCO World Heritage recognition emphasizes Stuttgart's importance in the field of architecture. The museum is currently open for visitors and is popular with young art and architecture students and design/ architecture travelers, as well as history lovers, enjoying over 30,000 visitors per year.